Ban said the 17 SDGs are a roadmap to peace and prosperity for all nations.
"They are our tools to fight poverty and hunger, inequality and the competition for resources that lead to tension and conflict," Ban said.
He made the call Friday in New York, at the Peace Bell Ceremony commemorating the International Day of Peace.
Unofficially referred to as World Peace Day, International Day of Peace is observed every year on September 21.
The day is dedicated to world peace, and specifically the absence of war and violence, such as might be occasioned by a temporary ceasefire in a combat zone for humanitarian aid access.
Ban observed that around the world, conflict is forcing families from their homes; depriving children of an education, and subjecting people to abuse and exploitation.
He called on combatants around the world to lay down their weapons and observe a day of global ceasefire and non-violence, in observance of the day, adding, "This simple and symbolic act takes us back to the origins of the United Nations: the search for lasting and sustaining peace."
"Peace may be elusive, but it is not a mystery. We understand the roots of peace, and we know the route to peace," the UNSG emphasized.
According to Ban, peace involves the hard work of mediation, conflict resolution through diplomacy, reconciliation, peace building and sustaining peace.
He thinks that ceasefires like the cessation of hostilities in Syria are vital, but emphasized that peace is about far more than putting weapons aside.